We’re all obsessed with members of the British monarchy, thanks in no small part to Netflix’s The Crown. And the matriarch of the royal family is, of course, Queen Elizabeth, who has reigned over the United Kingdom for more than 65 years now. Even more impressively, she did so while raising four children! But who exactly are the Queen’s kids?
Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip — who have been hitched since 1947 — have welcomed three sons and one daughter during their royal marriage. Their eldest is Prince Charles, who is first in the line of succession. Next came Princess Anne, then Prince Andrew, and lastly, Prince Edward.
Scroll down to read everything you need to know about Queen Elizabeth’s children!
The Queen’s first child, Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales, was born on Nov. 14, 1948, at Buckingham Palace. Today, at age 71, he’s known for being the oldest and longest-serving heir apparent in British history as well as the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958. During his royal upbringing, Charles was educated at home by a governess from age five to eight before he attended the Cheam and Gordonstoun schools, the same institutions where his father, Philip, was educated. Charles later went to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a bachelor of arts degree. From 1971 until 1976, he served in the Royal Navy.
As an adult, Charles captured the world’s attention when he began dating and quickly became one of Britain’s most eligible bachelors. In July 1981, he famously married the late Princess Diana at St. Paul’s Cathedral when he was age 32 and Diana was only 20. In June 1982, the couple welcomed their first child, son Prince William. Son Prince Harry later joined the family in September 1984. By December 1992, Charles and Diana officially announced their separation after 11 years of marriage and they finalized their divorce in August 1996.
Eight years after Diana tragically passed away in an August 1997 car crash in Paris, Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles at Windsor Guildhall in April 2005. Charles had actually dated Camilla before meeting Diana and the two continued their relationship with an affair during his marriage to Lady Di. When he tied the knot with Camilla, Charles became a stepfather to her two adult children — son Tom Parker Bowles and daughter Laura Lopes — from her first marriage to Andrew Parker Bowles.
Today, Charles and Camilla reside in the royal family’s Clarence House mansion and regularly attend official engagements together. Charles — who has been touted the “hardest working member of the royal family” — fills his days by doing lots of charity work, stepping out at events, supporting the Queen, and embarking on royal tours around the world on behalf of the monarchy. He’s also an avid painter, is passionate about climate change, and has authored two books, A Vision of Britain: A Personal View of Architecture and The Old Man of Lochnagar.
The Queen’s second child, Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise, Princess Royal, was born on Aug. 15, 1950, at Clarence House. At the time of her birth, Anne was third in line for the throne behind her mother (then Princess Elizabeth, the daughter of reigning King George VI) and her older brother, Charles. Today, Anne, 69, is 12th in the line of royal succession. During her childhood, Anne was primarily educated at her Buckingham Palace home by a governess until she enrolled at Benenden boarding school at age 13 in 1963. She did not go to college.
In November 1973, Anne married her first husband, Mark Phillips, at Westminster Abbey when she was 23 years old. The couple later had two children — son Peter Phillips (born in November 1977) and daughter Zara Tindall (born in May 1981) — together before they divorced in April 1992. Just a few months after her divorce, Anne tied the knot with Sir Timothy Laurence (who previously worked as Queen Elizabeth’s royal equerry) at the Church of Scotland on Dec. 12, 1992.
Today, Anne and her husband live at St. James’s Palace. Aside from her philanthropic ventures, Anne’s big claim to fame is her talent as an equestrian. She won the European Eventing Championship in 1971 and even competed in the 1976 Olympics in Montreal. Like her siblings, Anne now supports the Queen and royal family by regularly attending official engagements and traveling around the world on royal tours.
The Queen’s third child, Andrew Albert Christian Edward, Duke of York, was born on Feb. 19, 1960, at Buckingham Palace. At the time of his birth, Andrew was second in line for the throne (but is currently sixth in line today) and was known for being the first baby born to a reigning British monarch since 1857, as Queen Elizabeth was just a Princess when Charles and Anne joined the family. Before he attended Heatherdown Preparatory School in Berkshire, England as a preteen, Andrew was educated at home by a governess like his siblings. He later enrolled at Gordonstoun in Scotland and even studied abroad in Canada. Andrew did not attend college and instead joined the Royal Navy.
During his time in the Navy, Andrew served as a helicopter pilot and warship captain and saw active duty during the Falklands War. Today, the 58-year-old holds the titles of Commander and Vice Admiral of the Royal Navy. In July 1986, Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey and the couple later welcomed daughters Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie in August 1988 and March 1990, respectively. Sadly, Andrew and Fergie divorced in May 1996 but the two remain close today and even live together at the Royal Lodge at Windsor.
Now, Andrew spends his time similar to his older siblings by representing the royal family at various charity events, official outings, and tours abroad. The two actually remain so friendly today that they recently purchased a ski lodge in Switzerland together. Andrew has never remarried, so a romantic reconciliation with Fergie could theoretically happen!
The Queen’s fourth and final child, Edward Antony Richard Louis, Earl of Wessex, was born on March 10, 1964, at Buckingham Palace. At the time of his birth, Edward was third in the line of succession but is now ninth to take over the British throne. Like his three older siblings, Edward, now 55, was homeschooled by a governess as a child and later attended Gibbs School, Heatherdown School, Gordonstoun, and the Wanganui Collegiate School in New Zealand. Edward subsequently enrolled at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he studied history and then received a Masters of Arts degree.
After earning his education, Edward joined the Royal Marines — but dropped out of the program’s grueling training course in 1987 — and then interestingly pursued a career in the entertainment business. Following a stint as a theater production assistant and work on the British TV show The Grand Knockout Tournament, Edward established the television production company Ardent Productions in 1993. The company was later liquidated in 2009 with just $52 of assets.
In June 1999, Edward married Sophie, Countess of Wessex at St. George’s Chapel and the couple had two children — daughter Lady Louise Windsor (born in November 2003) and son James, Viscount Severn (born in December 2007). He and his family now reside at the royal family’s Bagshot Park estate in Surrey, England. Today, Edward has taken over many of his father Prince Philip’s royal duties after the Duke of Edinburgh retired in summer 2017. He regularly attends royal events and embarks on overseas tours with his siblings to publicly represent the British monarchy.